Nigeria's population of more than 149 million people is made up of over 250 ethnic groups it is also split along religious lines with muslims making up about 50 per cent of the population. Ethnic and religious crises in nigeria a specific analysis upon identities (1999-2013) actually, it is hard to argue that boko haram is a religious or ethnic conflict in the former case, it targets more muslims than christians in the latter, it is mostly an ethnic northern conflict for this reason, though boko haram uses a religious. If conflict in nigeria means the absence of democratic behaviour, it follows, therefore, that conflict in nigeria is interwoven with the absence of democratic governance gurr (2000): has also shown that the incidence of conflicts at the global level declined in recent years with the deepening of democratisation. Non-governmental organizations (ngos), conflict and peace building in nigeria etc to reduce situations of conflict in nigeria, peace is still elusive to her and consequently to sustainable development this paper thus aims at an in-dept description of ngos, conflict and peace building and clicks and ethnic conflict (monty marshal.
With the emergence of ethnicity in nigeria' s federal system, feelings of ethnic belonging and rejection became the basis of distinguishing individuals in the city and at the national level (nnoli, 1976:14. And conflict that have plagued nigeria’s fourth republic • most important will be a national election such that whoever wins, it will stand as a milestone in the quest for democratic practices rather than as a testament to a failed state. This paper examines the issue of ethnic conl1icts and thcir implications for democracy in nigeria ethnic conflict and distrust is identified as the bane of former democratic experiments in nigeria.
Ethnic, religious and political tensions are discussed check out all the trending latest news news in nigeria & world right now on naijang top 5 causes of conflict in nigeria look at the major reasons why nigerians fight with each other ethnic, religious and political tensions are discussed check out all the trending latest news news in. Ethnic conflict can, for instance, result from insufficient accommodation within the state, as perceived by ethnic groups, without a breakdown having to occur (although a breakdown will surely feed the conflict and exacerbate the situation. Ethnic conflict in pluralist nigeria: entreching participatory democracy by aghamelu fidelis chuka philosophy department, nnamdiazikiwe universityawka & aghamelu helen udumaga centre for democratic and human development research, omogho, nigeria abstract introduction 135. The last month has seen serious outbreaks of ethnic conflict in nigeria on july 18 and 19 there were clashes in sagumu, a town 30 miles north of lagos in the south west of nigeria.
The country is divided northern nigeria is under islamic law while the south is not why and how long ethnic groups that are islamic vs the christian ethnic groups boko haram is an islamic movement 2002-present day declared as a terrorist organization in 2013 there is tension toward the boko. Communal conflicts in nigeria can be divided into two broad categories: [dubious – discuss] ethnic conflicts, attributed to actors primarily divided by cultural, ethnic, or religious communities and identities, such as instances of religious violence between christian and muslim communities. Conflict is an aspect of life that is very often avoided for the fear of loss however, conflict is a part of our human existence it has been known to bring about all manner of outcomes from food shortages to prosperity economic recessions to gender equality. End ethnic undertone to party politics in nigeria but for the unfortunate annulment of the presidential election of june 12, 1993 widely believed to have been won by bashorun mko abiola from the yoruba extraction of the southwest. You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or nigerian dream, to mention but a few.
Jos was the closest nigeria ever had to a hill station in the colonial period it is the site of hillcrest school, much patronized by missionaries and the children of the nigerian elite. (1980) ethnic politics in nigeria agree that the ethnic conflicts experienced today-theoretical approaches to ethnicity and ethnic conflict ethnic groups are defined as a community of people who share cultural and linguistic characteristics including history. The fact that fulani settlers tend to be muslim and other ethnic groups, including the jukun, are mostly christian, sometimes gives the conflict a religious dimension. The main causes of ethnic and cross-cultural (religious) conflict is a struggle for political supremacy among the major ethnic groups (hausa, yoruba and ibo) and for access to natural resources (mainly oil), as well as the lack of representation of interests of non-dominant ethnic groups.
Abstract conflicts of various kinds in nigeria have often been attributed to ethnicity for instance, communal clashes, electoral violence and so on have all been rooted in ethnicity however, there is an indirect relationship between, say, inter-party competition and ethnicity what intervenes between ethnicity as independent variable and conflict as a dependent variable is the patrimonial. Ethnic conflicts in nigeria and africa in general arise as result of scarcity of political resources, multi-culturalism, religion, militarisation of ethnicity among others these ethnic conflict and economic reforms in relating ethnic conflicts and economic reforms in africa, ogachi (1999) believes that. Conflict in nigeria and to examine how ethnic politics and social conflicts serve as factors in nigeria’s underdevelopment, with special reference to her political, economic and social domains this twofold-objective can be interpreted as: a discussion about the concepts: ethnicity, the trigger.
Create conflict scenarios through which ethnic resources are mobilized for inter-group or inter-ethnic conflicts in the northern region of ghana the result is that the region has been enmeshed in inter-ethnic conflicts over the. Land conflicts in southwestern nigeria—which have been occurring since experiences with conflict in nigeria hinges on the implications of such igbo and yoruba became formidable political powers in southern nigeria, while other ethnic groups—including the historically dominant bini—. Understanding the causes of ethnic nationalism and conflict in nigeria the elite as the holders of pre-eminent positions in society manipulate the non-elite in their attempt to optimize their assets to gain maximum resources they achieve this through their actions and utterances. The ethnic conflict in nigeria began about 30 years ago when northern nigeria adopted sharia law once again in doing so, people with christian views opposed of this action and tension began within nigeria, there are three different ethnic groups that are present: the hausa-fulani, the yoruba, and.