Many factors conditioned the ways europeans responded to native americans and the ways native americans responded to europeans motivations, expectations, political and social structures, religious beliefs, concepts of civilization, and perceptions of wealth and power all played a role. 1 c h a p t e r 1 new world encounters summary during the sixteenth century the spanish, french, and english explored the americas, displaced native american cultures, and established colonies in the western hemisphere. To illustrate, when christopher columbus first encountered the guanahani people, he came tob believe that they were physically and culturally naked the primary encounters of the europeans and the native americans were often terrifyingly brutal.
Columbus, cortes and the amerindians for this assignment you will write a 4 page essay comparing the native americans encountered by columbus on the islands of the caribbean with those encountered by cortes in meso-america. Columbus 'found' a land with around two million inhabitants he thought he had found a new route to the east, so the national archives is the uk government's official archive home education classroom resources native north americans native north americans pupils are able to understand and appreciate the first encounters. The spanish and portuguese motive was quite simply plunder it took decades and centuries for the conquistadors to control societies in mesoamerica, and in the course of those centuries spanish/portuguese and native american cultures fused into a new hispano-mexican-central american culture. Study guide unit 1 study play what were the motives of explorers such as christopher columbus, pedro cabral, hernan cortes, and francisco pizarro in venturing to meso and south america native americans, and africans illustrated the clash of cultures, occurred in cities.
Native mariners discovered the caribbean thousands of years before columbus arrived when spanish ships landed at guanahani, on october 12, 1492, the greater antilles were densely inhabited by diverse native peoples. Essay on columbus and cortes encounters native and meso americans of the caribbean with the encountered by cortes in the meso-america in the age of exploration these are two of the recorded encounters of native americans and here is my comparison of those encounters. Some, including columbus, believed it was god's design to convert non-christians everywhere extracting wealth from the new world was justifiable because the peoples there were heathen imprecations against native americans were sanctioned because they were satan's own, and it followed that their cultures could be crippled as well.
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75,000 lessons in math, english, science, history, and more plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. When native americans were confronted with christianity, some incorporated elements of christianity into their own beliefs, creating a new, syncretistic system. The most famous of these spanish adventurers are christopher columbus (who, though italian himself, explored on behalf of the spanish monarchs), hernán cortés, and francisco pizarro the history of spanish exploration begins with the history of spain itself. The hispanic and portuguese world encounters in america in october 1492 christopher columbus and his crew reached the bahamas from that time forward europeans and the people living in the continents of the western hemisphere now known to us as the americas, north and south, came into permanent contact. Native americans and christianity have a history that dates to the the arrival of the first european explorers this history is marked by genocide , cultural destruction, domination and resistance much of the destruction was done for land, politics, and power, but a significant part of it was done for religious reasons, as christians embarked.
Columbus and cortes encounters native and meso americans essay 1113 words oct 27th, 2013 5 pages -1a comparison of the native americans encountered by coulumbus on the islands of the caribbean with the encountered by cortes in the meso-america. Descriptions of early encounters between europeans and native populations brief summary of unit: in the united states history curriculum, indigenous groups are often marginalized and depicted as victims of european invaders. Mayan hieroglyphics,probably of olmec origins, was the most sophisticated writing system in meso-america the mayan archetectural heritage is especially impressive many sites in the yucantan and northerm central america include temple-pyramids, palaces, and observatories.
Native americans encountered by columbus: columbus only met peoples with very simple technologies however, america was home to a number of complex cultures that would have their own encounters with europeans. In a matter of months, columbus’s fleet would reach the shores of what europeans saw as an astonishing new world first encounters in the early hours of october 12, 1492, the long-awaited cry. Aztecs meet the spanish then pretend you are one of the native americans seeing columbus and his crews for the first time complete your journal entry by describing the appearance of the spaniards and make several conclusions based on their behavior following cortes: path to conquest , national geographic october, 1984, pp 420-459.
Columbus day is a us holiday that commemorates the landing of christopher columbus in the americas in 1492, and columbus day 2018 occurs on monday, october 8. In such a context the native population was itself polarized and the encounter with europe was a dramatic disjuncture in native patterns of historical development, and it is the nature of that disjuncture and the new historical trajectories that were born of that encounter that went to make up the emergent identities and social processes of the. Native american civilizations are difficult to arrange chronolgically the three best known civilizations (maya, aztec, and inca) are contempraneous with medieval europe there were civilizations that were ancient at the time these and other civilzations florished teoteauacan was an ancient ruin at the time of the aztec while the chronology of the maya, aztec, and inca are fairly well.